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基于红蓝对抗的实战化教学组训方法研究
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空军工程大学空管领航学院

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A

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全国教育科学国防军事教育学科“十三五”规划课题:军队院校模拟蓝军建设研究(JYKYC2019025)


Research on the organizing and training method of combat-oriented teaching based on red-blue against———A case of aviation primary command specialty
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1.Air Traffic Control and Navigation College,Air Force Engineering University,Shaanxi Xi’an 710051;2.China

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    摘要:

    红蓝对抗训练是实战化训练的最高形式,近年来在部队演习演练中被广泛采纳,效果显著。军队院校教学向部队靠拢,向实战聚焦,在航空兵初级指挥专业的人才培养中引入红蓝属性,开展实战化教学的探索和实践。提出“模拟环境+师生对抗+硬度可调”的实战化教学组训方法:一是红蓝对抗模拟训练环境,可支撑航空兵初级指挥专业学员开展“规划-部署-实施-评估”的航空兵作战全流程红蓝对抗实战化教学;二是“蓝”教员和“红”学员师生对抗教学组织实施程序;三是适应学员能力渐进增长的关于训练想定、蓝军能力、导调方式和评定标准的“硬度可调”机制。此外,为确保红蓝对抗实战化教学的顺利实施,给出锻造“红蓝兼备”院校“蓝”教员队伍的几点建议。

    Abstract:

    The red-blue against training is the highest form of combat-oriented training, which has been widely and effectively used in the exercise and maneuver of the army recently. Teaching in the military academy need draw closer to the army, and focus on the combat. The red-blue against is introduced in the personnel cultivation of aviation primary command specialty, thus the exploration and practice of combat-oriented teaching has been developed. An organizing and training method is proposed, which is characterized by simulation environment, teacher-vs-student and hardness adjustment. This method includes: the red-blue against simulation training environment. The environment can support the red-blue against combat-oriented teaching of the all-process of aviation operation for aviation primary command specialty cultivation, the all-process contains planning, deployment, implement and evaluation; secondly the practice procedure for counterwork between the blue teachers and the red students; thirdly the mechanism of the adjustable rigidity adapting to the skill rule of gradual improvement. The mechanism of the adjustable rigidity is applied to setting the degree of difficulty on the training scenario, the ability of the blue, the way of directing and the criterion of assessment. Furthermore, for ensuring the practice of the red-blue against combat-oriented teaching successfully, several suggestions on cultivating the ‘blue’ teacher team featured by uniting the ‘red’ skills with the ‘blue’ skills.

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  • 收稿日期:2020-12-06
  • 最后修改日期:2021-01-11
  • 录用日期:2021-01-11
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