Mr. Chen-Ning Yang has suggested that similar to human creations, natural science research involves different styles that vary from person to person, which exerts a significant impact on the research. The Nobel Prize in Physics 2020 was awarded to the theoretical and observational research on black holes; one half was awarded to Roger Penrose for the discovery that black hole formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity. Three scientific experts, Hawking, Penrose, and Einstein, conducted relevant researches on this topic, and their unique research styles were closely associated with their scientific fates. This study analyzed and interpreted the academic styles and the scientific fates of these three experts. It used their experiences to provide useful information on talent studies, pedagogies, and the training and selection of outstanding young talents in China.
朱亚宗.【邀请论文】大师的学术风格与科学命运──2020年诺贝尔物理学奖启示[J].国防科技,2021,42(2):92-99；ZHU Yazong. Invited paper: Master’s academic style and scientific fate—inspiration from the Nobel Prize in Physics 2020[J]. National Defense Technology,2021,42(2):92-99复制