China University of Political Science and Law
ABSTRACT：How the Autonomous Weapons System should be regulated, is a hot debatable issue under the framework of CCW, which now has advanced into the stage of meetings of Governmental Group of Experts. The GGE meetings included in-depth discussion of a series of critical issues ranging from the R&D, testing, deployment to using of AWS. The Guideline Principle was annexed to the the final documents of GGE meetings since 2018, which aims to provide a blueprint for the future negotiation. Considering the general background of international arms control negotiations and status quo of AI technology of big military powers, three issues are extremely complicated with both legal and policy background, namely the legal review under Article 36 of Additional Protocol I 1977, the non-transfer of responsibility rule, and the export control regime applicable to AWS under Arms Trade Treaty 2013. With the reasonable expectation that intentional arms control rule should not deteriorate her military capacity, China must hold sufficiently due diligence to perfect law and policy.