Key Laboratory for Science and Technology on Automatic Target Recognition,School of Electronic Science,National University of Defense Technology
A large number of unmanned aerial vehicles(UAVs) and cruise missiles entering the war has become the highlight of the forty-days conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan in Naka, arousing the attention of all countries in the world on the application of UAVs in the battlefield. Firstly, we review the process of conflict and compares the war damage between the two countries, and introduces the technical indicators and performance advantages of the main UAVs. UAVs can obtain high-definition and real time battlefield images, reflecting traditional advantages of intelligence reconnaissance, carry out precise and effective strikes on key military targets, which play a greater operational effectiveness. At the same time, flexible and efficient tactics such as bait detection, saturation attack and psychological deterrence are adopted to enhance the combat capability of UAVs. By analyzing shortcomings of the performance and system application of UAVs in Naka conflict, we puts forward that cost-effective advantage should be brought into full play in low-intensity war according to the different operational requirements, close support operations should be carried out in modern air operations, intelligent information processing technology should be developed in target recognition and other technologies to realize the intelligent operation of UAVs, and finally, a new tactical and operational system should be constructed in combination with different functions of UAVs.