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纳卡冲突无人机效能分析及启示
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国防科技大学电子科学学院ATR国防科技重点实验室

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E9

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Efficiency Analysis and Enlightenments of UAVs in Naka Conflict
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Key Laboratory for Science and Technology on Automatic Target Recognition,School of Electronic Science,National University of Defense Technology

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    摘要:

    大量无人机和巡飞弹的参战成为亚美尼亚与阿塞拜疆在纳卡地区持续长达四十多天的冲突的亮点,引发世界各国对于无人机在作战应用的关注。本文首先回顾冲突过程并对比了两国战损情况,介绍了主要参战无人机技术指标与性能优势。无人机在冲突中能够实时获取高清战场图像发挥情报侦察优势,对重点军事目标进行精准而有效的打击,发挥了较大的作战效能;同时采取灵活、高效的诱饵探测、饱和攻击以及心理威慑等战术,进一步提升无人机作战能力。通过分析纳卡冲突中无人机性能、体系运用方面不足,本文提出根据不同作战需求,在低烈度战争中发挥无人机性价比优势,现代空中作战开展近距支援作战,面向未来战争要在目标识别等方面发展智能信息处理技术,实现无人机智能化作战,最后要结合无人机不同功能构建新型无人机战术与作战体系。

    Abstract:

    A large number of unmanned aerial vehicles(UAVs) and cruise missiles entering the war has become the highlight of the forty-days conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan in Naka, arousing the attention of all countries in the world on the application of UAVs in the battlefield. Firstly, we review the process of conflict and compares the war damage between the two countries, and introduces the technical indicators and performance advantages of the main UAVs. UAVs can obtain high-definition and real time battlefield images, reflecting traditional advantages of intelligence reconnaissance, carry out precise and effective strikes on key military targets, which play a greater operational effectiveness. At the same time, flexible and efficient tactics such as bait detection, saturation attack and psychological deterrence are adopted to enhance the combat capability of UAVs. By analyzing shortcomings of the performance and system application of UAVs in Naka conflict, we puts forward that cost-effective advantage should be brought into full play in low-intensity war according to the different operational requirements, close support operations should be carried out in modern air operations, intelligent information processing technology should be developed in target recognition and other technologies to realize the intelligent operation of UAVs, and finally, a new tactical and operational system should be constructed in combination with different functions of UAVs.

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  • 收稿日期:2021-01-22
  • 最后修改日期:2021-03-30
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