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【专题】地空协同无人系统综述
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A review of ground-air cooperative unmanned system
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    摘要:

    地空协同无人系统作为新质跨域智能作战力量已成为世界强国开展军事技术竞争的前沿方向。本文首先总结了地空协同无人系统的概念、功能及发展目标,分析了世界主要国家制定的专项规划,从形成智能作战体系、改变战场攻防平衡及全面提高作战效能三个方面阐述了地空协同无人系统对未来战争的重大意义;其次,针对其面临的环境复杂、资源受限和平台异构等约束条件,从分布式态势认知、适应性智能导航及异构系统协同控制等方面总结了地空协同无人系统需要突破的关键技术;最后,为应对智能化战争挑战,从技术瓶颈、平台建设及政策支持等方面提出发展建议。该研究可为地空协同无人系统在国防科技领域的研究、应用和发展提供参考。

    Abstract:

    As a new platform for cross-domain intelligent combat, the ground–air cooperative unmanned system provides an important direction for competition in military technology among the world’s powers. First, this paper summarizes the concept, function, and goals of development of the ground–air cooperative unmanned system, and analyzes plans for the development of such systems around the world. The significance of the ground-air cooperative unmanned system is systematically summarized from three perspectives: forming an intelligent combat system, changing the attack-defense balance on the battlefield, and improving combat effectiveness. Second, in view of the constraints imposed by complex environments, resources, and the heterogeneity of platforms, such key technologies as distributed situational awareness, adaptive intelligent navigation, and cooperative control of heterogeneous systems are addressed. Finally, to deal with the challenge of intelligent warfare, suggestions for development are proposed from the perspectives of technological bottlenecks, platform construction, and policy support. This study provides a reference for the development and application of ground–air cooperative unmanned systems in the context of national defense science and technology.

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付梦印,杨 毅,岳裕丰,屈 艺.【专题】地空协同无人系统综述[J].国防科技,2021,42(3):1-8;FU Mengyin, YANG Yi, YUE Yufeng, QU Yi. A review of ground-air cooperative unmanned system[J]. National Defense Technology,2021,42(3):1-8

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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-06-30
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