Unmanned system is accelerating the development from specialization and simplification to generalization and standardization, and new operational concepts such as multi-unmanned system cooperation, unmanned-manned system cooperation and unmanned system cluster are gradually maturing. The interoperability is a multiplier to improve the joint combat capability of unmanned systems and an important starting point to promote the development of unmanned system serialization. It is also an inevitable requirement to adapt to the collaborative and clustered development of unmanned systems. In this paper, the concept of unmanned system interoperability is described in detail. The development status of unmanned system interoperability is analyzed from three aspects of top-level planning, technological innovation and capability verification. A hierarchical model for interoperability of cross-domain and multi-domain unmanned systems is proposed. Based on bottom-up and top-down ideas, the key support technology system of interoperability is constructed, the technical factors such as common/open architecture, standard protocols and modular components, autonomous capability evaluation and verification, data transport and data strategy are systematically analyzed, and the next research focus is prospected.
吴立珍,牛轶峰*.【专题】无人系统互操作性发展现状与关键问题[J].国防科技,2021,42(3):49-56；WU Lizhen, NIU Yifeng. Development status and key issues of unmanned system interoperability[J]. National Defense Technology,2021,42(3):49-56复制