美国能够保持军事技术的长期领先与其稳定的军事科研投入和科学的资助策略密不可分，但以往研究存在切入角度单一、关注领域有限、缺少长时间跨领域研究等不足。本文基于Web of Science数据库收录的2010年至2020年美国军方机构参与资助的科研项目文献数据，分析了美军长期关注的主要研究方向和重点研究领域以及美军主要资助机构及其各自的侧重领域。研究结果表明，美国军方以国防战略目标为根本，超前谋划军事科研资助，坚持基础研究和颠覆性技术研究的平衡，军方主要资助机构重视前沿科技领域，积极开展跨部门跨领域以及跨国合作。该研究对了解美国军事科研资助策略提供了新的视角，对促进我国军事科技发展有一定借鉴意义。
The long-term dominance of the US in military technology is closely related to its stable investment in scientific military research and its funding strategy. However, past research has focused on a single approach or a specific field, and long-term cross-field research on research funding for the US military is scarce. Based on the literature on funding for the US military from 2010 to 2020 collected from the Web of Science database, this study analyzes the main directions of research as well as specific fields on which the US military has been focusing in the last decade, along with the main funding agencies and their respective areas of interest. The US military sets strategic national defense goals as its foundation, plans military research funding in advance, and adheres to a balance between basic research and work on disruptive technology. The major funding agencies for the military attach importance to frontier technology, and engage in cross-sectoral, cross-field, and transnational cooperation. This study provides a new perspective for understanding the research strategy of funding for the US military, and can be used as a reference for promoting the development of military science and technology in China.
马晓雷,李正伟,李 平.美国军方科研基金资助策略研究（2010—2020年）[J].国防科技,2021,42(3):98-106；MA Xiaolei, LI Zhengwei, LI Ping. Research funding strategy for the US military (2010–2020)[J]. National Defense Technology,2021,42(3):98-106复制