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地空协同无人系统综述
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1.南京理工大学;2.北京理工大学

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中图分类号:

TP29

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A Review of Ground-Air Cooperative Unmanned System
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Affiliation:

1.Nanjing University of Science and Technology;2.Beijing University of Science and Technology;3.nanjing University of Science and Technology

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    摘要:

    地空协同无人系统作为新质跨域智能作战力量,已成为世界强国开展军事技术竞争的前沿方向。本文首先总结了地空协同无人系统概念、功能及发展目标,分析了世界主要国家制定的专项规划,从形成智能作战体系、改变战场攻防平衡及全面提高作战效能三个方面阐述了地空协同无人系统对未来战争的重大意义;其次,针对其面临的环境复杂、资源受限和平台异构等约束条件,从分布式态势认知、适应性智能导航及异构系统协同控制等方面总结了地空协同无人系统需要突破的关键技术;最后,为应对智能化战争挑战,从技术瓶颈、平台建设及政策支持等方面提出发展建议。该研究可为地空协同无人系统在国防科技领域的研究、应用和发展提供参考。

    Abstract:

    As a new type of cross-domain intelligent combat platform, the ground-air cooperative unmanned system has become a key direction of military technology competition among the world powers. Firstly, this paper summarizes the concept, function and development goal of the ground-air cooperative unmanned system, and analyzes the development plans of major countries in the world. The significance of the ground-air cooperative unmanned system is systematically summarized in three aspects: forming the intelligent combat system, changing the battlefield attack-defense balance and improving the combat effectiveness. Secondly, in view of the constraints of complex environments, resource constraints and platforms heterogeneity, key technologies such as distributed situation awareness, adaptive intelligent navigation and cooperative control of heterogeneous systems are addressed. Finally, in order to deal with the challenge of intelligent war, development suggestions are put forward from the aspects of technology bottleneck, platform construction and policy support. This study can provide a reference for the research, application and development of ground-air cooperative unmanned system in the field of national defense science and technology.

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历史
  • 收稿日期:2021-03-10
  • 最后修改日期:2021-04-03
  • 录用日期:2021-04-06
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