The combat swarm of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) has significant advantages over traditional airpower in terms of combat effectiveness, battlefield retention, and cost effectiveness. It has posed a daunting challenge to traditional air defense systems in recent years. Anti-swarm techniques are significantly different from anti-platform techniques, but prevalent anti-swarm systems are primarily derived from anti-UAV systems. Thus, it is important to examine countermeasures against the UAV swarm based on its tactical characteristics. To analyze the feasibility of such countermeasures, this study classifies the UAV swarm into three types based on features of the anti-UAV combat swarm: non-autonomous spatio-temporal coordination (Type I), semi- autonomous group coordination (Type II), and fully autonomous mission coordination (Type III). Type II is the target of the proposed countermeasures, which are developed by examining the technical weaknesses and tactical disadvantages of the UAV swarm. Seven types of countermeasures against the UAV swarm are formulated and their feasibility is theoretically verified. The work here can provide a reference for the development of countermeasures against the UAV swarm.
谢海斌,闫家鼎,庄东晔,王祥科.无人机集群反制技术剖析[J].国防科技,2021,42(4):10-16；XIE Haibin, YAN Jiading, ZHUANG Dongye, WANG Xiangke. Analysis of countermeasures against the UAV swarm[J]. National Defense Technology,2021,42(4):10-16复制