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美军无人机蜂群作战研究动态及应对策略
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国家自然科学基金项目(61703427)


Developmental trends in and countermeasures against UAV swarm operations by the US
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    摘要:

    无人机蜂群是以智能化无人控制技术和网络信息系统为支撑的集群式无人作战武器装备,这种新型武器装备势必将成为改变未来战争规则的重要推手。美军作为无人机蜂群作战研究的领跑者,掌握了解其发展动态,学习其相关有益经验做法,参考借鉴其理论体系和关键技术,对于军队打赢未来智能化战争具有重要现实意义。本文通过梳理与总结美军在无人机蜂群作战研究方面所进行的开创性工作,厘清无人机蜂群作战发展的脉络,重点对无人机蜂群作战的产生背景、基本概念以及发展现状进行了探讨,结合课题组在无人集群作战领域的研究基础,分析了6个方面制约无人机蜂群发展的难点问题,探讨了应对无人机蜂群作战的可鉴之策,希冀能够为军队未来构建蜂群作战体系和建设相关能力提供理论指导和技术依据。

    Abstract:

    The UAV swarm is a kind of unmanned aerial swarm operation supported by intelligent unmanned control technology and a network information system. This equipment has recently emerged as an important driver of changes in the rules of war. As a leader in operational research on the UAV swarm, it is important for the Chinese army to comprehensively understand the trends in its development, acquire useful experience, and grasp its theoretical system and key related technologies. To this end, this paper summarizes pioneering work by the US military on the UAV swarm operation, clarifies the context of its development, and focuses on its background, basic concepts, and developmental status. Combined with past research on the UAV swarm operation, the authors analyze six challenging problems that restrict the development of the UAV swarm, and discuss the feasibility of dealing with it to provide theoretical guidance and a technical basis for China to build a bee colony-based operation system and related capabilities in the future.

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胡利平,黄晓阳,梁晓龙,齐 铎.美军无人机蜂群作战研究动态及应对策略[J].国防科技,2021,42(4):17-25;HU Liping, HUANG Xiaoyang, LIANG Xiaolong, QI Duo. Developmental trends in and countermeasures against UAV swarm operations by the US[J]. National Defense Technology,2021,42(4):17-25

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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-08-31
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