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无人系统安全防护研究
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The security of unmanned systems
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    摘要:

    当前,无人作战系统在大规模、高烈度、高科技体系对抗中的安全防护能力尚显不足,需从多方面加以提升。本文首先从自然环境、协同运用、综合对抗以及自主权限给无人系统带来的安全风险为出发点,深入分析了无人系统的安全防护需求;其次,根据需求,总结了无人系统安全防护的目标,并分别从提升无人系统环境适应性能、降低无人系统可探测概率、强化无人系统抗毁伤能力、夯实无人系统自主作战安全性设计等四方面详述了无人系统可采取的安全防范措施;再次,利用体系防护资源,结合无人平台和载荷的防护基础,提出了内外一体的、控制与防护分离的协同安全架构;最后,对无人系统安全防护的未来发展趋势进行了展望。

    Abstract:

    In light of the emergence of large-scale and high-tech systems in combat, the current state of security of unmanned combat systems is inadequate, and needs to be improved from many aspects. This paper first analyzes the security-related requirements of unmanned systems from the perspectives of the natural environment, collaborative control, comprehensive confrontation, and the risks posed by autonomous authority. According to these requirements, the objectives of the security of unmanned systems are then summarized and the security-related measures that can be used by them are detailed along four dimensions: improving the adaptability of unmanned systems to the environment, reducing their capability of being detected, strengthening their anti-damage capability, and consolidating the security of their autonomous operation. A collaborative security architecture, with internal and external integration as well as a separation between control and protection, is then proposed by combining the aims of protecting the system’s resources and payload. Finally, trends of development in future work in the area are discussed.

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石 亮.无人系统安全防护研究[J].国防科技,2021,42(4):26-31;SHI Liang. The security of unmanned systems[J]. National Defense Technology,2021,42(4):26-31

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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-08-31
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