In recentyears, with advancements in national defense, military reforms, and the rapid development of equipment manufacturing, managing the price of military equipment has become increasingly important. This new context has led to such problems as undiminished stocks and increasing increments, which pose challenges to the adequate management of equipment price. To improve the efficiency of the use of defense funds while promoting the rapid and stable development of equipment construction, it is particularly important to further optimize the mechanism of equipment pricing. Therefore, this paper takes similar pieces of equipment manufactured by a single source as the research object, and draws on the principles of competitive bargaining and consultative bargaining without evaluation in the Military Products’ Pricing and Negotiation Rules (Trial). It analyzes problems in the mechanism of price formation from five perspectives: the main body of the same kind of equipment from a single source, the number of tasks involved in assessing equipment price, methods to calculate equipment price, the process of pricing, and factors influencing this price. The authors discuss causes of the above problems from subjective and objective perspectives. Countermeasures are then proposed to optimize the mechanism of pricing of the similar equipment from a single source from five perspectives: clarifying the function and authority of the main body of price formation, determing the measurement method of price scientifically, perfecting the price laws and regulations, building the price data platform, and strengthening the construction of the price personnel team.
黄 飞,钟斐艺.单一来源同类装备价格形成机制存在的 问题及对策[J].国防科技,2021,42(4):117-122；HUANG Fei, ZHONG Feiyi. Problems and countermeasures of price formation mechanism of similar equipment from a single source[J]. National Defense Technology,2021,42(4):117-122复制